Stanford/VA Knee Osteoarthritis Study

Stanford University and the Palo Alto VA (Veterans Administration Hospital) developed a multi-year joint project to study and quantify the effect of multiple parameters on the knee.  The focus is on patients with some level of osteoarthritis at the outset. The objective metric is the reduction of knee pain and reduced progression of arthritic damage.

The Stanford Human Performance lab is the center of the test program.  Test subjects are evaluated while walking on an instrumented treadmill.  The foot angle (toe-in) is monitored by an array of cameras throughout each step.  The treadmill load cells allow for information on the force profile throughout the contact of the foot with the treadmill. 

Preliminary data from the study points strongly to a correlation between foot toe-in with respect to the initial (nominal) foot angle.  Test subjects work to toe-in by 10 degrees with respect to that initial nominal position.

I am one of the test subjects chosen for this study.  My nominal foot-angle is approximately 12-14 degrees toe-out.  Therefore my target foot angle is 2-4 degrees toe-out.  Through training, practice, and feedback while walking, the desire is to reinforce the 2-4 degree out orientation throughout normal walking without feedback.

T.Kim Parnell - Stanford Human Performance Lab


Understatement time: Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke Likens 2008 Financial Crisis To Car Crash

Even the Chairman of the Federal Reserve sometimes seriously understates reality:

From the IMPO Magazine at:

WASHINGTON (AP) — In his final public appearance as chairman of the Federal Reserve, Ben Bernanke took a moment to reflect on the 2008 financial crisis and compared it to a very bad car crash.

During an interview at the Brookings Institute, he recalls some “very intense periods” during the crisis, similar to trying to keep a car from going over a bridge after a collision. But after some time, he looked back and said, “Oh my God.”

Bernanke admits to some sleepless nights after Lehman Brothers collapsed in September 2008 and triggered the worst financial meltdown since the Great Depression.

Bernanke is stepping down as chairman at the end of the month. He will be replaced by Janet Yellen.